The Mictlan: Apanohualóyan the liberation of the soul?


After surviving the first six tests, the deceased will still have to face at least two others. Teyollocualóyan, the place where people’s hearts are devoured, Apanohualóyan the place where you have to cross the water” and, according to the various Chiconahualóyan codices, the place where there are nine rivers. These ordeals will be the hardest for the deceased, they will push him to really give up everything, but they are the ones that will finally bring him to the liberation of his soul.

Teyollocualóyan: The place where people’s hearts are devoured


After leaving Temiminalóyan, the place where people are riddled with arrows, our deceased is about to enter an even darker place, Teyollocualóyan. In the codex, this place is represented by a heart that a wild animal is about to devour. As much to tell you right away, according to the writings found, in this place the deceased has no chance of getting out unscathed. Indeed, this region is the domain of ferocious beasts that open the chests of the deceased to devour their hearts. He can fight and struggle, our death ends fatally in this ordeal in the face of a ferocious beast and his heart is taken from him. Like the second level, Tepeme Monamictlán, the place where the two mountains collide, it is also the domain of Tepeyóllotl, god of the mountains and the echo.

Apanohualóyan: The place where you have to cross the water


In the codex, Apanohualóyan is represented by a reclining man with his eyes closed from which escapes his life force in yellow, his tonalli. Everything is surrounded by a gray rectangle. It is therefore heartless that the deceased must cross the mouth of the Apanohuacalhuia river, a body of black water. The deceased struggles there before reaching the other bank, but his troubles are not yet over because he still has to cross a misty valley which blinds him and runs through nine deep rivers. Tired and completely bloodless, the crossing of this valley pushes the deceased to connect with the past events of his life until he reaches a state of consciousness of unity with the world and stops suffering by releasing his tonalli, its vital energy. If he gets lost in the fog or drowns in the rivers, the deceased cannot access eternal rest. Otherwise, it is necessarily without material goods, the body emaciated by the trials, without heart and without vital energy that he finally frees his soul. In some writings, his sufferings end there but not in all. There is sometimes a ninth and final level called Chiconahualóyan…